This page compiles a list of current projects and resources from our Turn Down the Heat partners and stakeholders.





202020Vision Graphic

           5 Million Trees graphic          Beat the Heat graphic
202020 Vision      

5 Million Trees

      Beat the Heat

The 202020 Vision is one big collaboration to make our urban areas 20% greener by 2020


5MT is part of the NSW Government’s commitment to creating a greener city to improve Sydney’s health, climate, economy and environment.


We provide you with information on how hot weather influences your health, how you can prepare for and stay healthy in the heat, how you can recognise and treat heat-related illness, and how you can care for people who are at risk of heat-related illness.

            Benchmarking in Campbelltown Turn Down the Heat Resources page
Benchmarking heat in Parramatta      

Benchmarking heat in Cumberland


Benchmarking heat in Campbelltown

The OATH (Outdoor Ambient Temperature Hierarchies of Parramatta) environmental monitoring project is a collaboration between Western Sydney University (WSU) and the City of Parramatta Council.


During the summer of 2018/19, more than 1.4 million individual measurements of air temperature were recorded at 97 locations in and around the Cumberland LGA.


During the summer of 2018/19, more than 1.46 million individual air temperature measurements were recorded at 102 locations in and around the LGA.


  Citizen Science Urban Microclimate Project          Clean Air and urban landscapes hub graphic           Climate Adapted People shelter at Penrith.

Citizen Science: Urban Microclimate Project

      Clean Air and Urban Landscape Hub       Climate Adaptive People Shelter 

In a collaboration between RMIT and the University of New South Wales, the Citizen Science Project will mobilise a league of enthusiastic citizen scientists to assist Australia’s leading Universities and scientific organisations with their research. The results from this study will provide data required for citizens to understand, mitigate and adapt to extreme heat.

Organisation: RMIT and University of New South Wales


The CAUL Hub is one of six research hubs supported by the National Environmental Science Program, which aims to assist decision-makers to understand, manage and conserve Australia’s environment by funding world-class biodiversity and climate science. The programme focuses on collaborative, practical and applied research that informs on-ground action.


 The CAPS project aimed to reimagine Sydney’s bus shelters as Climate Adapted People Shelters through an open innovation design competition.

Organisation: University of Technology

  Cool Parramatta logo      

Cool Streets Blacktown

      Cool Suburbs graphic
Cool Parramatta      

Cool Streets©

    Cool Suburbs

Community engagement program which provides community with the tools they need to keep cool in summer.


Blacktown City Council’s Cool Streets© urban heat project aimed to mitigate the effect of rising urban heat in Western Sydney by increasing the number of street trees. Community events in treeless streets engaged with residents, promoted the benefits of street trees and enabled resident participation. Street tree designs that maximise temperature reductions and lower residential energy consumption were developed, and an on-ground trial saw a whole street planted with trees that will lower surface temperatures, reduce home energy usage, sequester carbon and potentially increase property prices.


Cool Suburbs will deliver a tool underpinned by peer-reviewed science that gives a cool rating for a place (building, street, precinct or suburb).
The process will use science and engagement to identify the most effective policy, investment, product, programmatic and advocacy interventions to contribute to cooling a place.
The Cool Suburb accreditation will be available for marketing purposes, giving developments an edge by being a better place to live.

  Cooling the City Graphic         CRC Low Carbon Living graphic       Melbourne Urban Forest Strategy graphic
Cooling the City - Penrith      

Microclimate and UHI Mitigation Decision  Support Tool

      Urban Forest Strategy

This Strategy aims to consolidate existing work by Council to cool the City. Tree planting and landscaping is one of the most successful approaches being taken across the world . The evidence gathered to support the development of this Strategy will help Council to pinpoint areas where existing Council programs and funding should be directed to achieve multiple outcomes, including targeted cooling. This Strategy draws upon existing works programs and adopted strategies as well as recommendations from expert consultants’ reports to make suggestions for various cooling activities.


This project aims to develop a robust and tangible microclimate and urban heat island mitigation decision-support tool that bridges the gap between research on urban microclimates and its practical application.

Organisation: CRC for Low Carbon Living


The City of Melbourne’s Urban Forest Strategy seeks to manage this change and protect against future vulnerability by providing a robust strategic framework for the evolution and longevity of Melbourne's urban forest.

Organisation: City of Melbourne


 If you are aware of any further projects not listed on this page please get in touch with the WSROC Office on 02 96714333 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


Other resources: 

Reports and research

Title Organisation   Description
Turn Down the Heat Research Consortium

      Western Sydney University       Collated works by Western Sydney University researchers and others exploring the impact of, and ways to mitigate, rising heat in Western Sydney.
A Guide to Urban Cooling Strategies

      Urban Green Cover in NSW       This document provides practical guidance for built environment professionals and regulatory agencies seeking to optimise development projects to moderate urban microclimates and mitigate urban heat island effects in major urban centres across a range of climates in Australia.
Adapting to Urban Heat: A toolkit for local governments

      Georgetown Climate Centre       Tool kit for local government
Benchmarking heat across Campbelltown, New South Wales       Western Sydney University and Campbelltown City Council       This report outlines results of an urban microclimate study conducted across the Campbelltown LGA during the summer of 2018/19. More than 1.46 million individual air temperature measurements were recorded via sensors at 102 locations.
Benchmarking heat across Cumberland Council, New South Wales       Western Sydney University and Cumberland Council
      This report outlines results of an urban microclimate study conducted across the Cumberland LGA during the summer of 2018/19. More than 1.4 million individual air temperature measurements were recorded via sensors at 97 locations.
Benchmarking heat in Parramatta, Sydney's Central River City       Western Sydney University and City of Parramatta Council       This report outlines results of an urban microclimate study conducted across City of Parramatta during the summer of 2018/19. Data analyses revealed that (1) communities of the City of Parramatta are exposed to more extreme heat (>40°C) than previously known, (2) southern and south-western suburbs experience higher air temperatures compared to north-eastern suburbs and (3) large differences in cooling capacity exist among urban tree species.
Building Resilience to Natural Disasters in our States and Territories

      Deloitte Access Economics       This report assesses the resilience of our states and territories to natural disasters. It examines the distinct circumstances that face the states and territories, the role of each state and territory government and how resilience can be collectively built by more effective collaboration between government, business and community groups.
Climate Risk?Climate Ready .pdf       Western Sydney University       Summers are getting longer and hotter. We all need toSummers are getting longer and hotter. We all need toprepare ourselves, our homes and our neighbourhoodsfor more hot and very hot days (days over 35 degrees).
Cooling the Commons

      Western Sydney University       This pilot study provides initial insights into how residents living in Western Sydney keep cool during the hottest parts of the year and how they would like to see their living environments, at home and out and about, modified to improve wellbeing in a climate changing world. The research responds to the lack of qualitative information about: day to day living practices in outer suburban Sydney; the constraints people experience when trying to keep cool; and, people’s aspirations for more comfortable living environments.
Cooling Western Sydney

      Sydney Water and UNSW       A strategic study on the role of water in mitigating urban heat in Western Sydney
Dangerous Degrees

      The Climate Institute       The Dangerous Degrees booklet explains why a rise of only a few degrees in the average global temperature risks our prosperity, security, and health. It explains why it is so important to reverse the rise in emissions within the decade and why it is still within our means to do so. 
Defining heatwaves: heatwave defined as a heat impact event servicing all community and business sectors in Australia

      Bureau of Meteorology and CSIRO       This report proposes a new objective definition for heatwaves and heatwave severity that may be applied to any location in Australia, or for that matter the world. Using this definition, it is now possible to compare severe and extreme heat events across time and space.
Heatwaves: Climate Change Impact Snapshot

      NSW Environment & Heritage       Heatwaves are a significant hazard in Australia for people and the environment. They have been responsible for more human deaths than any other natural hazard, including bushfires, storms, tropical cyclones and floods.
Office of Environment and Heritage has used the projections from NARCliM to provide updated information on the projected impacts of climate change on heatwaves in the near future (2030) and far future (2070).
How Cool is my Kindy? Thermal Assessment of Outdoor Play Space in Early Learning Centres across Western Sydney

      Western Sydney University       This ongoing study documents quality and quantity of shade as well as surface temperatures in outdoor play spaces of a number of early learning centres in Western Sydney.
How Eucalypts Respond to Heatwaves

      Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University       Using unique outdoor climate-controlled pods to test the response of Australia’s native eucalypts to climate change, this research discovered that trees “sweat” to cool themselves during record-breaking heat waves.
Living Beneath a Cool Roof

              Research into the benefits of cool roofing. A green roof system is a proven way to tackle urban heat, with benefits for the residents of an individual building and for a city precinct more broadly. In particular, green roof systems are an effective approach to urban heat management in densely populated cities such as Hong Kong where heat has major impacts on the local climate and on liveability. The study finds significant benefits are available from the implementation of extensive green roofs including improving visual amenity, reducing urban island heat effect and improving air quality. However, major constraints come from a lack of government support and attitudinal difficulties in retrofitting existing buildings.
Minimising the impacts of extreme heat: A guide for local government

      NSW Office of Environment and Heritage       This guide seeks to clarify roles and responsibilities in relation to extreme heat events and will examine ways in which local government can minimise the impacts of such events by adapting existing systems, procedures and activities.
Natural Hazards - Public Health considerations 

      NSW Ministery of Health       This handbook is a rapid reference tool that supports the immediate preparation, response and recovery phases of public health emergency management of natural hazards.
Rapid Response Report: Study of heatwave impacts on residents and businesses in Western Sydney

      Bureau of Meteorology and Bushfire and Natural Hazards Co-operative Research Centre        This research was conducted for the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) by Risk Frontiers with the support of the Bushfire and Natural Hazards Co-operative Research Centre (BNHCRC). The BoM aims to use the findings of this study and future surveys to inform the development of its heatwave service, warnings, and updates. The study delivers valuable knowledge on key issues of risk perception and how residents and businesses respond to heatwave warnings and cope with extreme heat.
Resilient Sydney: A strategy for city resilience 2018

      Resilient Sydney       Resilient Sydney is a member of the 100 Resilient Cities initiative - pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The 100 Resilient Cities initiative helps cities around the world become more resilient to the physical, social and economic challenges that are a growing part of the 21st century. Cities in the network are provided with resources to develop a roadmap to resilience over two years.
The Cool Schools Initiative

      Western Sydney University       This report summarises current research in health and environmental sciences, planning policy, legislation and standards, sustainability education, and innovative design trends. Its purpose is to inform future research into student thermal comfort and cooling solutions for schools in Western Sydney and NSW
The Critical Decade: NSW climate impacts and opportunities

      Climate Commission       Report on climate change impacts and opportunities for NSW.
The Silent Killer: Climate change and the health impacts of extreme heat

      Climate Council       Study on the impacts of extreme heat on health.
Urban Green Cover in NSW

      NSW Office of Environment and Heritage       Practical guidance on how to adapt the urban environment through urban green cover projects.
Which Plant Where

      Hort Innovation, Macquarie University, Western Sydney University, NSW Office of Environment and Heritage       Which Plant Where, When and Why Database for Growing Urban Greenspace is a program of research led by the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment. The research is building a new database tool to ensure that landscape plantings can account for current and future climate scenarios and so grow Australian urban greenspace in coming decades. This tool will enable the selection of plants with the features needed to adapt to hotter climates in the coming decades.


Title    Organisation   Overview
Understanding and adapting to climate change impacts in New South Wales

      NSW Office of Environment and Heritage         
CRC for Low Carbon Living

       CRC for Low Carbon Living       National research and innovation hub for the build environment
Adapting to urban heat

      University of Technology Sydney        
Sydney Green Grid

      Government Architect NSW       GANSW proposed a network of high-quality green space that connects town centres, public transport hubs, and major residential areas. Known as the Sydney Green Grid, it is an integral part of the Greater Sydney Region and District Plans
Greener Places

      Government Architect NSW       Greener Places builds on the Sydney Green Grid strategy which was developed by GANSW to create a network of high quality green areas that connect town centres, public transport networks and major residential areas in Sydney. 
State Heatwave Subplan

      NSW Office of Emergency Management        The Heatwave Sub Plan has been prepared as a Sub Plan to the New South Wales State Disaster Plan (Displan) to detail the control and coordination arrangements for the preparation for, response to, and immediate recovery from a Heatwave.